Among all diseases of the human body, diseases of the back are, first, the most common and, second, the most painful in their course (especially in neglected forms).Both the first and the second encourage us to know exactly what can be the causes of back pain and what are the ways to remove, or at least reduce, the painful syndrome.
In the following article, we will analyze these problems in as much detail as possible, initially describing the standard methods of pain relief, regardless of the reason for their occurrence. Next, we will focus on specific diseases in conjunction with symptomatic treatment methods, suitable for each specific case. Attention will also be given to facts and risk groups for back pain.
What to do if your back hurts
Modern medicine has deeply developed a series of treatment methods, the use of which, in most cases, goes beyond the treatment of a single disease. These methods include:
- Fixation therapy equipment (belts, collars, etc. );
- exercise therapy;
- Surgical intervention.
Normally, to eliminate pain and effectively treat its cause, a complex application of the above means is necessary, where the practical relationship of some methods to others is determined by a specific pathology.
Reference: this disease is characterized by the displacement of the vertebrae to the side and their crossing of the normal limits of the spine. To compensate for this destructive curvature, there is an overvoltage of the muscles adjacent to the displacement site.
The latter leads to acute pain syndrome, which can be relieved by the following methods:
- Analgesic.There are many proven over-the-counter drugs in the pharmaceutical market that can effectively treat pain. Sprays, capsules, ointments, pills - regardless of the form of release - all work according to the standard principle (if we are talking about non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). The drug blocks certain chemicals called prostaglandins, which are responsible for the pain process. These drugs include:
- Naproxen; Acetylsalicylic acid;
Help: Usually, a heating pad wrapped in a towel is placed at the site of the pain for 20-30 minutes, no more than 2-3 times a day.
The spine is a point, or rather a line, at the intersection of a large number of nerve pathways that run from the spinal cord to all members of the human body.Often, destructive pathologies or physical damage can cause nerve compression, which causes a severe attack of pain. In this case, it is necessary to consult the doctor urgently, as there may be a need for surgical intervention.
To support the first signs of a pinched nerve, you can do the following:
- Take painkillers similar to the previous pharmacological list.
- Minimize the movement;
- Respect absolute rest.
After the relief of acute pain syndrome, other therapeutic and prophylactic means are used - physical therapy exercises, massage, traditional medicine, etc.
Reference: This disease is described by the breakdown of polysaccharides and proteins in the body, which are responsible for the resistance of connective tissues. When it decreases, deformation of the intervertebral discs develops.
Osteochondrosis is usually accompanied by permanent or paroxysmal pain, which is rarely acute.
Pain syndrome occurs according to the location of the disease (lumbar, thoracic and cervical spine).Depending on the type of pain, there are effective remedies for its relief:
- For neck pain, exercise therapy, massage and medication are often used;
- For pain in the lower back - set of statistical and dynamic exercises, medications administered via the infectious route;
- For eye pain, medications, massages and physiotherapy are also used;
- For pain in the heart and chest region - therapeutic block, anti-inflammatory and analgesics, bed rest;
Important: the methods of the same physical therapy exercises are different for each type of osteochondrosis, which implies consulting a specialist before performing certain exercises. The same applies to medicines, massages, physiotherapy and any other therapeutic and prophylactic means.
When this disease appears, the main concomitant symptom is acute pain syndrome, the removal of which is often vital for the patient.The dystrophic processes that occur in the body cause a strong displacement of the vertebral disc and the formation of an intervertebral hernia, which, in turn, is accompanied by unbearable pain crises.The latter, in some cases, alone can lead to the most unpleasant consequences even a painful shock.
Effective treatments for herniated disc pain include the following:
- Use of medicines;
- exercise therapy;
Thus, the medical method consists of taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, medications for relieving muscle tension (muscle relaxants), chondroprotectors and corticosteroid analgesics.
The forms of delivery can be very different - from intravenous injections to ointments and adhesives.
Physiotherapy is generally limited to the following set of procedures:
- Shockwave therapy;
- Bee poison;
Exercise therapy, in turn, consists of regular exercises that have been prescribed by the attending physician, depending on the specifics of each patient. They can be pool activities, cycling, walking, etc.
Note: this disease is often considered to be the initial form of the previous disease. Thus, protrusion is called pathology of the intervertebral disc, when its contents protrude beyond the spine at a distance of 5 mm.
The pain syndrome, in this case, is less intense than with a hernia. However, it reaches the limit when it needs to be removed.
Methods similar to the previous list are used to successfully combat protruding disc pain.
This word denotes pathological inflammation and compression of the sciatic nerve. This neuralgia leads to acute pain syndrome, which can be relieved in the following ways:
- The use of narcotic pain relievers: morphine hydrochloride, flupirtine maleate, tramadol hydrochloride, etc. );
- Ointment (diclofenac, nimesulide, sodium diclofenac, ketoprofen);
- Physiotherapy (Electrophoresis, shockwave therapy, electrocution, etc. );
- Physiotherapy exercises;
- Breathing exercises;
- Cold compaction.
In sciatica, pain syndrome is most often located in the lower back and lower limbs, which is the main factor in choosing a specific method.
It is an inflammatory disease that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. To combat arthritis pain, you can use the following:
- Exercise therapy (stretching, kneading, cycling, walking);
- Hot paraffin bath;
- Shower or hot tub;
- Using a cane while walking;
- Weight loss;
- Physiotherapy methods;
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
In the case of this disease, the joint leaves the joint capsule, resulting in inflammation.With timely treatment in a reasonably short time (at least five therapeutic and prophylactic procedures), it is possible to relieve pain syndrome and prevent the transition from pathology to a chronic form.
Sooner or later, oncological diseases begin to be accompanied by bouts of pain, which can be unique or permanent.
The fight against cancer pain usually has three stages.
- Mild pain - non-opioid analgesics (meloxicam, ibuprofen, sodium diclofenac, etc. )
- When amplified, mild opioids (tramadol hydrochloride).
- Severe pain - adjuvant therapy and narcotic analgesic (morphine hydrochloride trihydrate).
Important: the use of each of the above groups correlates with a certain stage of the disease's development and therefore depends on the effectiveness of the main treatment.
Osteoporosis is characterized by a systemic disease of the chronic type of human bone tissue, in which its microarchitecture, density and metabolic processes are disturbed.
As a rule, in osteoporosis, the painful syndrome occurs only with significant loads on the motor support system (lifting weights, staying in an uncomfortable or lying position for a long time, etc. ). The usual location of the pain is in the lower back, ankle and hip.
Pain relief medications include:
- Diclofenac (both as an ointment and as an injection);
Exercise therapy, physical therapy (shockwave therapy, electrocution, etc. ) and wearing corrective equipment (corset) are also used
Diseases of internal organs, radiating to the back
These pains can occur for a variety of reasons, from coughing to sexually transmitted diseases. Most of the time, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, already mentioned more than once, are used to relieve pain of this type.
This concludes our list of pain relief remedies, which is a symptom of a specific back disorder. But, unfortunately, disease is not the only cause of pain. The latter may well be the result of things like a back wen, muscle tension, muscle injury, improper mattress, weightlifting. We will examine each of these cases separately.
Fat on the back
Reference: as the lipoma is called, a type of benign tumor that arises as a result of the proliferation of cells in the adipose tissue. Lipoma can appear anywhere on the human body, including the back.
Often, the tumor is completely painless and has no side effects. However, it sometimes gets inflamed, which is accompanied by an acute pain syndrome, which can be removed by eliminating the wen itself:
- Medicament (used when the lipoma does not exceed one centimeter). A special drug is injected with a fine needle that dissolves adipose tissue.
- Surgical treatment (complete removal of the neoplasia).
To lift weights
It often happens that, after a great physical effort in the musculoskeletal system, in particular in the spine, the person begins to feel pain. The latter has different intensity and location depending on the location and type of injury.
In that case, you need to see a doctor to find out the exact reason that triggered the pain. To reduce the latter, ointments, tablets and patches containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac) are quite suitable.
An alternative principle for dividing pain syndrome may be the location of its appearance, one of which may be the lower back. Pain relief, in this case, depends on the specific cause of its occurrence.
Severe back pain during active physical activity can also be a symptom of stretching the muscles of the back or lower back. In this case, the following applies to the fight against pain syndrome:
- Complete rest;
- exercise therapy;
To avoid repetition of stretches, it is recommended to use special support corsets, bandages and belts.
This reason is very similar to the previous one. It differs only in the greater intensity of the pain experienced. Therefore, the ways to remove it in case of injury to the ligaments of the back are similar to the previous list.
Rapid pain relief
For quick relief of acute pain, preference should be given to drugs administered by injection (injections of ibuprofen, diclofenac, etc. ), compresses and bed rest.
Pain from a wrong mattress.
Important: in most cases, experts recommend not sleeping on excessively soft or rigid surfaces. These mattresses do not maintain the correct position of the spine during sleep and can cause back injuries.
In case of back pain, the first logical action is to consult a neurologist. The second is to pay close attention to your mattress.
The standard features to consider when evaluating the quality of a mattress are as follows:
- Type of construction (with spring, without spring);
The choice of a mattress is worth not only for the convenience, but also for the guidance of a personal doctor who knows the peculiarities of your back well.
Thus, the reasons why back pain can occur are not limited to one or two diseases, but are much broader conditioned.
However, when it comes to back pain, certain risk groups and also some factors of their occurrence can be distinguished.
- Age (on average, for men it is 55 years old, for women - 60 years old);
- Sex of the patient (according to statistics, men suffer more from back pain).
- Constant lifting of weights;
- Force procedures;
- Constant turns of the back or / and its inclinations;
- Excessive load;
- Lack of a culture of physical work;
- Disrespect for health;
- Introduce a destructive lifestyle.
In the article above, we tried to cover the phenomenon of back pain as widely as possible, the reasons why it occurs and the ways in which you can deal with it effectively. We hope you found the information useful. In any case, the main thing in all of this remains an attitude attentive to your health and the health of your loved ones.