Osteochondrosis is a disease in which, as a result of degenerative processes, the structure of the intervertebral discs and joints is disturbed, which leads to compression of the spinal root.The inflammation processes lead to severe pain; in a long-term illness, the function of internal organs can be impaired.The metabolic disorder of the intervertebral discs is very painful, so it is very important to know everything about osteochondrosis: what it is and also how to treat osteochondrosis of the spine.
To understand the essence of treating spinal diseases, you need to know what osteochondrosis is. At the heart of the disease is the violation of the trophism of the vertebrae, the intervertebral discs.Intervertebral osteochondrosis leads to a change in the correct structure of all tissues, parts of the spine. Loss of elasticity, shape, consistency of the cartilaginous disc, which causes a reduction in the distance between adjacent vertebrae. Instability leads to compression of the nerve roots due to the narrowing of the holes through which they exit, the back muscles are tense and pain occurs. This is how osteochondrosis appears.
Progressive osteochondrosis shows signs of complications in the form of protrusion and vertebral hernia. In the future, intervertebral osteochondrosis leads to degenerative changes in the small joints of the spine, intervertebral ligaments. Because of bone growth, the spine's flexibility is lost, subluxations and curvatures begin to appear. Typically, these processes are characteristic of the physiological aging of the body, but the disease also affects young people. Therefore, the question of what to do with osteochondrosis concerns almost all segments of the population. To do this, you must find out the causes of the disease.
There are many factors that lead to the development of osteochondrosis. The formation of the vascular bed begins in the intervertebral discs, and its nutrition occurs according to the principle of diffusion. It is this factor that prevents the regeneration of the disc under excessive stress and injuries. A person often complains about back pain. The causes of osteochondrosis are directly related to people's incorrect way of life.
The main causes of osteochondrosis are the disproportionate distribution of the load on the spine, a very weak muscle corset. People over the age of thirty are at greater risk, especially if the job involves sitting for a long time. To know how to get rid of osteochondrosis, it is necessary to understand the path of its development, which are the stages of injury that the spine suffers during the disease.
What causes osteochondrosis?Due to the influence of the above negative factors, the disease begins to progress, passing through various stages of development.This one:
The most commonly used classification is based on the affected parts.
The signs of osteochondrosis depend on the location of the pathological process. How osteochondrosis manifests itself is an interesting question.The pain can vary from mild to severe and persistent, even unbearable. Symptoms and treatment are closely related. The first helps to discover how and how to treat osteochondrosis of the back. The main signs of the disease according to its location:
Intervertebral osteochondrosis is characterized by a series of common symptoms. Rapid fatigue can appear with stress, both mental and physical. There is "lumbago" in other organs, muscles, osteochondrosis symptoms in the back start to increase. The pain during inflammation increases when you sneeze or cough, bend, turn your body, your head. There is a chill in the upper and lower extremities. Osteochondrosis of the back, which lasts a long time, practically causes no pain, but the mobility of the corresponding parts of the spine is lost with the fusion of the affected vertebrae.
After discovering the symptoms of osteochondrosis, treatment is prescribed according to the diagnosis.After examining and questioning the patient, the responsible neurologist announces the preliminary diagnosis. In addition, instrumental diagnostic methods are used: CT - computed tomography, MRI - magnetic resonance, Doppler ultrasound, X-ray, myelography. A thorough examination helps to identify the complications associated with vertebral osteochondrosis: hernia, sciatica, protrusion, kyphosis.
Is it possible to cure osteochondrosis?The treatment of spinal osteochondrosis is a long and step-by-step process. The duration of the course depends on the patient's age, the severity of spinal osteochondrosis, the treatment and the patient's adherence to all the doctor's recommendations.Before dealing with the disease, you should familiarize yourself with the main guidelines of therapy, learn the methods of treating osteochondrosis:
As already mentioned, the doctor must decide how to cure osteochondrosis of the spine. Depending on the severity of the disease, conservative or surgical treatment is used. In particularly severe and neglected cases of disease development, a decision on surgical intervention is made. Basically, the complex treatment of osteochondrosis is used. Medicines and medical technology from different sectors are used together.
In the initial phase, effective treatment of osteochondrosis aims to eliminate pain. The patient wears special corsets to relieve stress on the spine. Medical treatment, physical therapy is performed. The next step is to take steps to prevent the exacerbation of spinal osteochondrosis. The most effective methods are used - physical therapy exercises, massage, reflexology.
The medications are designed to eliminate pain, inflammation, activate the regeneration of cartilage tissue and improve blood circulation in the affected tissues. Main groups of medicines for treatment:
There are also additional medications to help speed up the healing process:
The physiotherapy methods allow to activate the healing processes, prolong the remission phase, prevent the appearance of new exacerbations.The best methods of physiotherapy include:
To cure spinal osteochondrosis, manual therapy, magnetotherapy, spinal traction, laser therapy, thermotherapy, mud therapy, shockwave therapy, showers and curative baths are also used.All of these methods significantly reduce the rate of disease progression. The duration of a course can be up to fifteen days. Three or four repetitions of the course are held annually. An integrated approach to therapy helps eliminate exacerbations of osteochondrosis forever.
I have to say that you often wonder if osteochondrosis is treated with folk remedies. No, but with the main treatment they help to relieve the condition, the methods must be agreed with the attending physician. It is possible to treat problem areas of the back with infusions and friction. To do this, mix a glass of honey and a glass and a half of radish juice. Add a hundred grams of vodka. After stirring, the product should be rubbed well in the affected area of the spine, twice a day.
Another infusion is worth doing. Then, 500 grams of vodka are poured into a glass of lilac flowers. Insist on a tightly closed container for ten days. The filtered infusion of the drug is rubbed into the affected area.
Adequate dietary nutrition should consist of a sufficient amount of protein, fat and vitamins.It is advisable to exclude easily digestible carbohydrates from the diet. The caloric content of foods should be from 1, 500 to 2, 500 kcal. With the exacerbation of the disease, nutrition must become fractional. It is necessary to eat like this even after the condition of the spine improves.
When we encounter osteochondrosis for the first time, the question should not arise. The first step is to consult a doctor who knows everything you need to know about osteochondrosis. Treatment is a very laborious and long process, accompanied by pain and inactivity. It is possible to cure osteochondrosis - this question remains open due to the influence of several factors. After getting rid of the acute symptoms, you need to continue taking care of your spine. The fight against the disease must be constant. A person who overcomes his bad habits acquires a healthy and strong spine in return.